Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

ODD Defined:
ODD is a disruptive behavior disorder that affects children and adolescents. Symptoms of ODD are characterized by a continuing pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant actions lasting at least six months. Problems between child and parent often go hand-in-hand with the disorder. Symptoms of ODD seem to be more common in boys than girls and can be associated with chemical abuse or addiction (See Addiction).

Symptoms/Signs of ODD:

  • Disobedience, Defiance, and Rule Breaking
  • Frequent Loss of Temper
  • Excessive Argument with Adults
  • Refusal to Comply with Requests
  • Blaming Others for their Personal Mistakes and Misbehaviors
  • Anger, Spite, and Vindictiveness
  • Learning Problems
  • Hyperactivity
  • Depression
  • Antisocial Personality

BMS Treatment Options for ODD:

Through our Family Outreach and Family Pathways programming, treatment for ODD teaches the parent(s) more productive techniques of handling the child’s opposition and defiance. Behavioral monitoring and reward programs can also help to shape the child’s developmental delays into a more age-appropriate behavior. ODD Counseling Services may be able to provide treatment for ODD for both the child and the parent(s). Medication Managementis only used when the ODD coexists with ADHD (See ADHD), Depression (See Depression), or other disorders. It is most often managed in conjunction with ODD counseling.


Contact Behavior Management Systems for an individual assessment on treatment for ODD.

More Information about ODD from the National Institutes of Health
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