Cognitive Disorders

Cognitive Disorders Defined:
Cognitive disorders are organic mental disorders and are either temporary or permanent dysfunctions of the brain caused by neuralgic diseases, general medical conditions, or chemicals. The disorders commonly diagnosed as “cognitive” are delirium (deterioration of intellectual function) and dementia (the deterioration of intellectual ability, forgetfulness, and severe memory impairment). Chronic dementia is also referred to as “Alzheimer’s Disease.”

Symptoms/Signs of Cognitive Disorders:

  • Delirium: A Temporary State of Mental Confusion
  • Clouded Consciousness following High Fever, Intoxication, Shock, etc.
  • Anxiety (See Anxiety Disorder)
  • Disorientation
  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Trembling
  • Incoherent Speech
  • Dementia: Deterioration of Cognitive Function
  • Inability to Concentrate
  • Loss of Judgment
  • Memory Impairment
  • Emotional Disturbances
  • Personality Changes

BMS Treatment Options for Cognitive Disorders:

Treatment for Cognitive Disorders begins with a thorough evaluation and diagnosis. Major Mental Illness care is usually necessary for patients with Dementia.  As the illness progresses, these patients need increased structure in their lives. In the beginning, they may be able to live at home with family and require visits from a home health nurse or participation in a day treatment program. As time passes, they may reach a point where round-the-clock care from a nursing home or similar facility is required. Counseling Services will address cognitive disorders, both delirium and dementia, with focused and professional talk therapy. Medication Management plays minor and major roles in treating for Cognitive Disorders in both forms. Delirium usually requires short-term medication and close supervision. People with dementia need medication and a highly structured environment.

Contact Behavior Management Systems for an individual assessment on options in treatment for Cognitive Disorders.

More Information about Alzheimer's from

More Information about Dementia from the National Institutes of Health

More Information about Delirium from the National Institutes of Health

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